Early and family life John Echols was born in Lynchburg, Virginia. He joined the Virginia Military Institute in and resigned in the next year; being made an honorary graduate in His first wife was a sister of Senator Allen T.
Copy Link Robert E. Library of Congress No man proved a more worthy opponent to Ulysses S. Henry Lee had also served as governor of Virginia. Without the money to attend a university, young Robert E. There, he quickly rose in the ranks and graduated second in the class of Lee first saw battle in the Mexican War, fought in He served as captain under General Winfield Scott.
Such early successes made Lee a leading candidate to command Union forces against the South once it decided to secede. Reluctant to engage in a war against the South, Lee turned down an offer of command of the Union forces.
As practical issues, Lee did not oppose either slavery or secession. Although he felt slavery in the abstract was a bad thing, he blamed the national conflict on abolitionists, and accepted the pro-slavery policies of the Confederacy.
He chose to fight to defend his homeland. After an initially unsuccessful foray as a field commander in western Virginia inLee supervised the preparation of coastal defenses along the South Atlantic seaboard before being called to Richmond to serve as military advisor to President Jefferson Davis.
Johnston, and immediately embarked on a series of skillful offensive operations that repelled the Union forces outside Richmond in the Seven Days Battles in June and July Lee followed this with an offensive drive northward that culminated in victory at Second Manassas in August However, his effort to carry the war across the Potomac nearly led to disaster when he barely fended off Union assaults at Antietam.
Retreating back to Virginia, Lee again displayed deft generalship by checking Union offensives at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville; in the latter battle he prevailed, despite being outnumbered two to one, by dividing his army, outflanking the enemy, and delivering a smashing attack.
Lee followed up this triumph with another invasion of the North, this time suffering a major defeat at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, from July 1 through July 3, By the time he confronted Ulysses S. Grant inthe drain upon his manpower was noticeable. Efforts to divert Union forces with operations in the Shenandoah Valley, including several strikes northward across the Potomac, forced Lee to contemplate how best to continue the war by abandoning the Confederate capital.
A week later, he surrendered what remained of his army to Grant at Appomattox Court House. After the war, Lee accepted the presidency of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia, where he died on October 12, Learn More Related Features.The battle occurred on September 17, in Maryland.
McClellan lead Union troops while Robert E. Lee led the Confederates. It ended as a draw, but was considered a Union victory. This biography, Great American Generals - Robert E. Lee, by Ian Hogg, takes the reader through the life of one of the greatest heroes of that war, Robert E.
Lee. It is a thorough, in depth record of the life of Lee and begins with a detailed account of his family history and his birth, through his college years, military experience and his. This biography, Great American Generals - Robert E.
Lee, by Ian Hogg, takes the reader through the life of one of the greatest heroes of that war, Robert E. Lee.
It is a thorough, in depth record of the life of Lee and begins with a detailed account of his family history and his birth, through his college years, military experience and his work.
John Echols topic.
John Echols (March 20, – May 24, ) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
Early and family life John Echols was born in Lynchburg, Virginia, and was educated at the Virginia Military Institute, Washington College and at Harvard College.
Oct 08, · Robert ashio-midori.com Introduction Few episodes in history are more painful to Americans than the Civil War, fought between the North and the South. This biography, Great American Generals - Robert ashio-midori.com, by Ian Hogg, takes the reader through the life of one of the greatest heroes of that war, Robert ashio-midori.com is a thorough, in depth record of the life of Lee and begins with a detailed account of .
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, – October 12, ) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States ashio-midori.com commanded the Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from until his surrender in A son of Revolutionary War officer Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee III, Lee was a top graduate of the United States Military .