Faria and colleagues presented their research findings as follows: Our estimated location of pandemic origin explains the observation that Kinshasa exhibits more contemporary HIV-1 genetic diversity than anywhere else. The primary historical dynamic omitted from their paper is the major influence of Belgian colonization in the Congo before and after the s.
It afforded me great pleasure to avail myself of the opportunity afforded me last year, of visiting your State in Africa; and how thoroughly I have been disenchanted, disappointed and disheartened, it is now my painful duty to make known to your Majesty in plain but respectful language.
There were instances in which Mr. All the sleight-of- hand tricks had been carefully rehearsed, and he was now ready for his work.
When the native inquired about the disparity of strength between himself and his white brother, he was told that the white man could pull up trees and perform the most prodigious feats of strength.
Next came the lens act.
The white brother took from his pocket a cigar, carelessly bit off the end, held up his glass to the sun and complaisantly smoked his cigar to the great amazement and terror of his black brother. The third act was the gun trick. The white man took a percussion cap gun, tore the end of the paper which held the powder to the bullet, and poured the powder and paper into the gun, at the same time slipping the bullet into the sleeve of the left arm.
A cap was placed upon the nipple of the gun, and the black brother was implored to step off ten yards and shoot at his white brother to demonstrate his statement that he was a spirit, and, therefore, could not be killed.
After much begging the black brother aims the gun at his white brother, pulls the trigger, the gun is discharged, the white man stoops. By such means as these, too silly and disgusting to mention, and a few boxes of gin, whole villages have been signed away to your Majesty.
When I arrived in the Congo, I naturally sought for the results of the brilliant programme: Sick sailors frequently die on board their vessels at Banana Point; and if it were not for the humanity of the Dutch Trading Company at that place—who have often opened their private hospital to the sick of other countries—many more might die.
Your white men sicken and die in their quarters or on the caravan road, and seldom have Christian burial.
These recruits are transported under circumstances more cruel than cattle in European countries. They eat their rice twice a day by the use of their fingers; they often thirst for water when the season is dry; they are exposed to the heat and rain, and sleep upon the damp and filthy decks of the vessels often so closely crowded as to lie in human ordure.
And, of course, many die. Upon the arrival of the survivors in the Congo they are set to work as labourers at one shilling a day; as soldiers they are promised sixteen shillings per month, in English money, but are usually paid off in cheap handkerchiefs and poisonous gin.
They are enemies, not patriots. These officers draw double pay—as soldiers and as civilians.
It is not my duty to criticise the unlawful and unconstitutional use of these officers coming into the service of this African State. Such criticism will come with more grace from some Belgian statesman, who may remember that there is no constitutional or organic relation subsisting between his Government and the purely personal and absolute monarchy your Majesty has established in Africa.
But I take the liberty to say that many of these officers are too young and inexperienced to be entrusted with the difficult work of dealing with native races. They are ignorant of native character, lack wisdom, justice, fortitude and patience.Born Nzinga Mbemba, King Alfonso I was the leader of the Kongolese people in the early part of the 16th Century.
Mbemba developed a strong trade relationship with the Portuguese and adopted Catholicism as a result of this relationship.
The influence of the Catholic faith reached every aspect of the King's life, from his name which was changed to Alfonso upon his . 1. King Shaka Zulu Essay Martin Luther King - Words. Martin Luther King Jr. is a well-known person in history.
He is known for his work in civil rights, and is known for his I Have a Dream Speech. King Léopold II of Belgium induced the community of nations to accept his acquisition of the region as his personal property under the name the Congo Free State. No matter what name is applied there is no sense to it as a polity.
Granted to King Leopold II of Belgium, the Congo was a “personal” concession for the King, rather than a colony. The King, not the Belgian government, effectively owned and controlled the Congo.
Leopold administered the Congo in a notoriously brutal manner, using it to augment his own personal wealth. Ultimately, King Affonso I of Congo proves to be one of the most innovative modern-day thinkers of his time, for during his captivating life, he was the forerunner in the abolition of slavery, all of which was outlined in his letter to King John of Portugal.
The King made the Congo his own personal colony in and shortly thereafter began making a fortune by constructing rubber plantations that utilized the forced labor of the Congolese people to meet the demand for rubber at the time.