Nowadays, obesity has been getting more common among the mountain and has increase rapidly, which has reached the epidemic level and majority of them came from the United States. Obesity is delineate as a condition of which a person is with child p than their ideal weight and this largely attributable to the fast food for thought culture and sedentary lifestyle. This phenomenon affects the lives of obese people be execute it found to cause multi wellness problems.
Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. Obesity is a condition in which the natural energy reserve, stored in the fatty tissue of humans and mammals, is increased to a point where it is thought to be a risk factor for certain health conditions or increased mortality.
Obesity develops from the interaction of individual biology and the environment. Excessive body weight has been shown to correlate with various diseases, particularly cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, sleep apnea, and osteoarthritis.
Obesity is both an individual clinical condition and is increasingly viewed as a serious public health problem. In epidemiological studies BMI alone is used to define obesity. The current definitions commonly in use establish the following values, agreed in and published in : A BMI less than BMI as an indicator of a clinical condition is used in conjunction with other clinical assessments, such as waist circumference.
In a clinical setting, physicians take into account race, ethnicity, lean mass muscularityage, sex, and other factors which can affect the interpretation of BMI. BMI overestimates body fat in persons who are very muscular, and it can underestimate body fat in persons who have lost body mass e.
Mild obesity as defined by BMI alone is not a cardiac risk factor, and hence BMI cannot be used as a sole clinical and epidemiological predictor of cardiovascular health. In epidemiological analyses BMI alone is used as an indicator of prevalence and incidence.
Waist circumference BMI does not take into account differing ratios of adipose to lean tissue; nor does it distinguish between differing forms of adiposity, some of which may correlate more closely with cardiovascular risk.
Increasing understanding of the biology of different forms of adipose tissue has shown that visceral fat or central obesity male-type or apple-type obesity has a much stronger correlation, particularly with cardiovascular disease, than the BMI alone.
Body fat measurement An alternative way to determine obesity is to assess percent body fat. However, it is difficult to measure body fat precisely. The most accepted method has been to weigh a person underwater, but underwater weighing is a procedure limited to laboratories with special equipment.
Two simpler methods for measuring body fat are the skinfold test, in which a pinch of skin is precisely measured to determine the thickness of the subcutaneous fat layer; or bioelectrical impedance analysis, usually only carried out at specialist clinics.
Gestalt In practice, in most examples of overweight that may designate risk, both doctor and patient can see "by eye" whether excess fat is a concern. In these cases, BMI thresholds provide simple targets all patients can understand Risk factors and comorbidities The presence of risk factors and diseases associated with obesity are also used to establish a clinical diagnosis.
Coronary heart disease, type II diabetes, and sleep apnea are possible life-threatening risk factors that would indicate clinical treatment of obesity. Smoking, hypertension, age and family history are other risk factors that may indicate treatment Diabetes and heart disease are risk factors used in epidemiological studies of obesity.
Causes Causative factors When food energy intake exceeds energy expenditure, fat cells and to a lesser extent muscle and liver cells throughout the body take in the energy and store it as fat.
In its simplest conception, therefore, obesity is only made possible when the lifetime energy intake exceeds lifetime energy expenditure by more than it does for individuals of "normal weight". In all individuals, the excess energy utilized to generate fat reserves is minute relative to the total number of calories consumed.
This means that very fine perturbations in the energy balance can lead to large fluctuations in weight over time. To illustrate, an obese 40 year old who carries lb of adipose tissue has only consumed about 25 more calories per day than he has burned on average - or the equivalent of an apple every three days.
In comparison a very lean year-old who carries only 15 lb of body fat will have exceeded his daily energy expenditure by about four calories a day - the equivalent of an apple every 18 days. Factors that have been suggested to contribute to the development of obesity include: Sedentary lifestyle A high glycemic diet i.
Prader-Willi syndrome Eating disorders such as binge eating disorder Stressful mentality Certain medications e. Polymorphisms in various genes controlling appetite, metabolism, and adipokine release predispose to obesity, but the condition requires availability of sufficient calories, and possibly other factors, to develop fully.
While it is thought that a large proportion of the causative genes are still to be identified, much obesity is likely the result of interactions between multiple genes, and non-genetic factors are likely also important. Some eating disorders are associated with obesity, especially binge eating disorder BED.“Obesity should be regarded as a chronic multi-factor disease of huge importance in social, health and economic terms, which of itself constitutes a public health problem.
Therefore, treatment of obesity should have a multi-disciplinary focus, because, far from being an aesthetic problem, this condition raises the rate of morbidity and.
A waist circumference above 94 cm in men and above 80 cm in women is regarded as overweight and an indicator of serious chronic disease risk.
A waist circumference above cm in men and 88 cm in women is regarded as obesity. Jul 09, · Forbes America's Richest Self-Made Women That's where our attention and corrective actions should be directed.
If calling obesity a disease makes us treat the condition with more respect. For many women, a healthy weight is a difficult topic, with many issues besides health to consider.
Weight can affect how you think about yourself and how others see you. Your doctor or nurse can help you reach a healthy weight and a healthier lifestyle. BakerHostetler is widely regarded as having one of the country’s top 10 tax practices, a nationally recognized litigation practice, an award-winning data privacy practice and .
Lisser said the EEOC considers obesity to be an impairment that will be a disability if it substantially limits a major life activity or is regarded as being a disability. Impairments causing or resulting from obesity — not just morbid obesity — can be disabilities as well if they substantially limit major life activities or are regarded as.