Historical background[ edit ] Approximate central regions of tribes mentioned in Beowulf, with the location of the Angles in Angeln. The events in the poem take place over most of the sixth century, after the Anglo-Saxons had started migrating to England and before the beginning of the seventh century, a time when the Anglo-Saxons were either newly arrived or were still in close contact with their Germanic kinsmen in Northern Germany and southern Scandinavia.
Then Hrothgar, taking the throne, led The Danes to such glory that comrades and kinsmen Swore by his sword, and young men swelled His armies, and he thought of greatness and resolved To build a hall that would hold his mighty 5 Band and reach higher toward Heaven than anything That had ever been known to the sons of men.
The work Was ordered, the timbers tied and shaped By the hosts that Hrothgar ruled. His boast come true he commanded a banquet, Opened out his treasure-full hands.
That towering place, gabled and huge, Stood waiting for time to pass, for war 20 To begin, for flames to leap as high As the feud that would light them, and for Herot to burn. A demon called Grendel comes out of his lair. And then 35 As now warriors sang of their pleasure: Cain, the son of Adam and Eve, was cursed by God for slaying his brother Abel.
There was a tradition that Cain sired a family of monsters. See the Biblical story in Genesis 4. Grendel enters the main hall at night and carries off thirty warriors. Then, when darkness had dropped, Grendel Went up to Herot, wondering what the warriors Would do in that hall when their drinking was done.
He found them sprawled in sleep, suspecting 55 Nothing, their dreams undisturbed. Hrothgar, their lord, sat joyless In Herot, a mighty prince mourning The fate of his lost friends and companions, Knowing by its tracks that some demon had torn His followers apart.
He wept, fearing 70 The beginning might not be the end. And that night Grendel came again, so set On murder that no crime could ever be enough, No savage assault quench his lust For evil. Then each warrior tried 75 To escape him, searched for rest in different Beds, as far from Herot as they could find, Seeing how Grendel hunted when they slept.
Distance was safety; the only survivors Were those who fled him. So Grendel ruled, fought with the righteous, One against many, and won; so Herot Stood empty, and stayed deserted for years, Twelve winters of grief for Hrothgar, king Of the Danes, sorrow heaped at his door 85 4 By hell-forged hands.
No one Waited for reparation from his plundering claws: The best and most noble Of his council debated remedies, sat In secret sessions, talking of terror And wondering what the bravest of warriors could do.
And sometimes they sacrificed to the old stone gods. Let them Beware, those who are thrust into danger, Clutched at by trouble, yet can carry no solace In their hearts, cannot hope to be better! Beowulf makes plans to go to the aid of the Danes.
None Of the wise ones regretted his going, much As he was loved by the Geats: So Beowulf Chose the mightiest men he could find, The bravest and best of the Geats, fourteen In all, and led them down to their boat; He knew the sea, would point the prow Straight to that distant Danish shore.
The Coming of Beowulf When he reaches the Danish shore, Beowulf explains his mission to the alert watchman, who receives him courteously, posts a guard to protect his ship, and leads him and his men to Herot.
There he is welcomed by the noble Wulfgar and presented to King Hrothgar. Now go to him as you are, in your armor and helmets, But leave your battle-shields here, and your spears, 6 Let them lie waiting for the promises your words May make.from Beowulf Part One, translated by Burton Raffel Citation: Raffel, Burton.
“Beowulf.” Elements of Literature, 6th Course. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, As the epic begins, we are introduced to King Hrothgar, a revered and successful leader who has ruled the Danes for many years.
Beowulf and Hiram Donald E. Mosier Page 1 of 9 where he kills a monster, Grendel, which had been terrorizing the Danish King Hrothgar for 12 years. After I was fortunate to read from a translation by Burton Raffel1, which I still consider the best of the four or five that I have.
from Beowulf, translated by Burton Raffel Literary Analysis: The Epic The epic Beowulf is a long narrative poem that recounts the exploits of the legendary warrior Beowulf. Like other epic heros, Beowulf represents good and earns glory by struggling against the forces of evil represented by several monstrous creatures.
He represents the values. Beowulf translated by. Burton Raffel. The selection opens during an evening of celebration at Herot, the banquet hall of the. Danish king Hrothgar.
Translated by Burton Raffel. The Monster Grendel. A powerful monster, living down. In the darkness, growled in pain. Beowulf audiobook (part 2) translated by burton raffel, this section covers chapter 22 to the end of the poem burton raffel reads chapters 22 and 23 and much of 35 and 36 i read the rest chapter times are.
Beowulf and Grendel Beowulf and Grendel are actually the same stories in the fact that they are based on the same epic "Beowulf." "Beowulf", that is told of here is translated by Kevin Crossley-Holland, and there are many different translations which makes Beowulf the epic so interchangeable.