Montserrat was initially an agricultural economy; plantations and sugar mills were common in the s with sugar cane juice and molasses processed for local consumption and export. Later, the well-to-do built their estate houses on the island; an elaborate main house was often a landmark because of its size and numerous rooms. In Joseph Sturge established the Montserrat Company, which cultivated lime fruit for export and sold small plots of land to settlers.
These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel Image copyright Janet Edwards Image caption Soufriere Hills erupted 75 times in a single month in and is still one of the most active volcanoes in the world There is little danger of being late for lunch in Montserrat.
The ominous soundtrack to life in this British overseas territory can be heard across inhabited parts of its sq km 39 sq miles. Image copyright Janet Edwards Image caption Volcano sirens such as this one are tested daily at noon Taunting in its perpetuity is the steam and bluish haze of sulphur dioxide emitted from the slumbering monster in the south, whose constant threat pervades the atmosphere like a viscous liquid.
Incessant activity This is the reality for those living in the shadow of Soufriere Hills. Last month, Montserratians marked 20 years since the start of the volcanic crisis which has rendered two-thirds of the island an exclusion zone, turned the capital city into an apocalyptic movie scene deep in ash and changed life here forever.
Image copyright Gemma Handy Image caption Two-thirds of the island remains within an exclusion zone Few imagined when a vent in the volcano - dormant for several hundred years - began smoking on 18 July that it would awaken with such a vengeance.
Or that its incessant activity, rather than the sudden brief explosions favoured by Hollywood, would continue to this day. A mammoth cleanup after devastating Hurricane Hugo in had seen the construction of much modern infrastructure and the territory was experiencing unprecedented prosperity.
There was even talk of independence from Britain. Fiery spectacle When the hills first started to emit their brilliant white steam, islanders say it was mesmerising and exciting. People would gather in the evenings to watch the fiery incandescence in awe.
Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Whole villages were buried under ash or destroyed by lava flows Image copyright Getty Images Image caption A photo from 20 August shows how lava flows from the volcano covered large areas That year, the capital Plymouth was evacuated for the final time - abandoned to become slowly buried under repeated mudflows - and a state of emergency declared.
Today, Soufriere remains one of the most active volcanoes in the world. The population has plummeted from 11, to 5, with the south of the island divided into five zones.
Permission to access them is dependent on the current hazard level. Strong bonds Over the years, businesses have rebuilt in the north, municipal offices have relocated to Brades and the government has created new housing at Lookout, Davy Hill, Shinlands, Drummonds and Sweeneys. Tourists are politely told that "Montserrat is not a volcano; it has a volcano" and assured that the north remains entirely safe, with Soufriere under round-the-clock monitoring by a purpose-built observatory.
As is often the way in the aftermath of disaster, the close-knit community has forged stronger bonds than ever. Crime is a rarity, front doors are unlocked, songs of hope and healing, solidarity and unity, are ubiquitous.
She recalls the evacuation order that came on 3 April Former Governor Frank Savage, who presided over affairs from torecently paid tribute to the "stoicism" of Montserratians and their "indomitable spirit" which he said would lead to ever greater recovery. New Governor Elizabeth Carriere, who takes up position this month, agrees.Plymouth was the capital city of the island of Montserrat, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom located in the Leeward Island chain of the Lesser Antilles, West Indies.
Constructed on historical lava deposits near the then-inactive Soufriere Hills volcano, the town was evacuated when the volcano resumed erupting in A unique island in the Caribbean. By Sarah Greaves-Gabbadon CJ Travel Editor.
Before I visited, I knew only two things about Montserrat. One: It . Montserrat (/ m ɒ n t s ə ˈ r æ t /) is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West ashio-midori.com is a British Overseas Territory (BOT).
Montserrat measures approximately 16 km (10 mi) in length and 11 km (7 mi) in width, with approximately 40 km (25 mi) of coastline.
Montserrat is nicknamed Government: Parliamentary dependency under constitutional monarchy. Montserrat, island and overseas territory of the United Kingdom. The pear-shaped island, part of the Lesser Antilles chain, is known as the “Emerald Isle of the Caribbean,” in part because of its formerly large population of people who originated from Ireland.
There is a danger of mudflows along many of the valleys around the Soufriere Hills if it rains. A lava flow passed within metres of the school in Cork Hill.
The airport has been closed until further notice. Montserrat is an island in the Caribbean, southeast of Puerto Rico. A former popular resort, it's recovering from a hurricane and volcanic activity during the s and s.
A former popular resort, it's recovering from a hurricane and volcanic activity during the s and s.